“Sentencing and Corrections Reform in Illinois.” Accessed May 20, 2014. http://www.vera.org/project/sentencing-and-corrections-reform-illinois. 2013. The U.S. has the world's largest prison population, more than two million people behind bars. 2014. Jones, Jerrett, Ellen Dinsmore, and Michael Massoglia. 2013. “Parental Imprisonment: Long-lasting Effects on Boys’ Internalizing Problems through the Life Course.” Development and Psychopathology 20, no. Finally, the Illinois General Assembly Joint Criminal Justice Reform Committee is working to develop legislation around sentencing reform, including plans to develop and implement a new risk assessment tool that “more effectively evaluate[s] the risks and needs of the inmate population” (Illinois General Assembly Joint Criminal Justice Reform Committee 2014, 5). Office of the Governor. “Children of Inmates: What Happens to these Unintended Victims?” Corrections Today 67, no. In fact, some believe that it's even higher than that – a recent Crest Advisory report puts the figure at 312,000, with almost 95% of those missing their father. Bernstein, Nell. Second, sentencing options should be expanded (Christian 2009). Eitenmiller, Katherine L. 2014. Such retributive treatment of offenders costs Illinois taxpayers more than $1.7 billion annually while failing to deter criminal involvement, with 51.7 percent of Illinois inmates in state prisons returning to prison within three years of their release (the national average is 43.3 percent) (Vera Institute of Justice 2013; Pew Center on the States 2011). It is said that offenders do not deserve special treatment just because they are parents and that they should have thought about how their actions could harm their child before committing the offense (Markel, Collins, and Leib 2007). Families Against Mandatory Minimums. “State of Recidivism: The Revolving Door of America’s Prisons.” Accessed May 25, 2014. https://www.michigan.gov/documents/corrections/Pew_Report_State_of_Recidivism_350337_7.pdf. Between 1991 and 2007, the number of incarcerated adults with children (under eighteen years of age) increased by 79 percent (Glaze and Maruschak 2008). Breaking The Cycle was the controlling focus of the 1997 Summit. More than half of incarcerated adults in the United States have children (Pew Charitable Trusts 2010). Conway, Tiffany, and Rutledge Q. Hutson. Individual factors include but are not limited to the child’s age, temperament, gender, and coping skills. Christian domestic abuse victims need not make that choice, After a year of pandemic, here are five things I'd like to see in 2021, Thomas Becket and the costly sacrifice of Christian witness, Talking about death can be 'life-giving', says bishop, For Mosul's Christians, it's been another Christmas away from home. Related posts: Operations Management … Continued Use Community Corrections Programs to Monitor and Support Drug-Involved Offenders Testing and Sanctions. Having a parent in prison can be detrimental to a young person's wellbeing and long-term behaviour. “Ever-increasing Levels of Parental Incarceration and the Consequences for Children.” In Do Prisons Make us Safer? To enjoy our website, you'll need to enable JavaScript in your web browser. 2008. As one legal scholar explains, “as a matter of policy it would be irrational to approach criminal justice issues in a vacuum when it is possible to consider and account for all the key stakeholders in the process: victims, children, families, and communities” (Boudin 2011, 113). There is a real risk to the future of these vulnerable children – research shows that many prisoners have themselves had a problematic upbringing, growing up in situations of domestic violence, abuse, school exclusion, or in care. Lee, Arlene F. 2005. First, Senator Durbin has played an instrumental role in advocating for federal sentencing reform. Further, overreliance on incarcerating nonviolent offenders does not make fiscal sense when alternatives to incarceration (ATI) are significantly more cost-effective (between $1,400 and $13,000 per person annually for ATI versus $60,000 per person in prison) (The Osbourne Association 2012). 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