[76] The Alma and the Kacha are the second- and third-longest rivers. Looking for abbreviations of ARC? [82] The North Crimea Canal, which transports water from the Dnieper, is the largest of the man-made irrigation channels on the peninsula.[83]. [15] Crisis in the Borderlands", 2015) – about the very legitimacy of the 1954 transition of Crimea to Ukraine; in the critics' view the transition contradicted even the Soviet law. Many of his paintings depict the Black Sea. and Ukr. [71] These mountains are backed by secondary parallel ranges. Bakhchisarai (1532–1783). human rights in the temporarily occupied Autonomous Republic of Crimea and the city of Sevastopol”. (2001) 2,033,736; (2013 est.) [85] A subtropical, Mediterranean climate dominates the southern coastal regions, is characterized by mild winters and moderately hot, dry summers. The Crimean Tatar name of the peninsula is Qırım (Crimean Tatar: Къырым, romanized: Kirim/Qırım) and so also for the city of Krym which is now called Staryi Krym[14] which served as a capital of the Crimean province of the Golden Horde. See the, Crimea – Dynamics, challenges and prospects / edited by Maria Drohobycky. [46] On 5 May 1992, the Crimean legislature declared conditional independence,[47] but a referendum to confirm the decision was never held amid opposition from Kyiv: elected president of Crimea Yuriy Meshkov, was replaced by Kyiv-appointed Anatoliy Franchuk, which was done with the intent to rein in Crimean aspirations of autonomy. Heavier industry is concentrated in the city of Kerch, traditionally a centre of large-scale iron ore mining. These chains of flat-topped limestone blocks, known as the Crimean Mountains, rise successively higher from the north to the south (with steep-faced southern slopes and gentler northern slopes), topping out at 5,069 feet (1,545 metres) at Mount Roman-Kosh. The longest river of Crimea is the Salhir at 204 km (127 mi). The flow of holidaymakers dropped 35 percent in the first half of 2014 over the same period of 2013. [84] In the mountains, the mean annual temperature is around 5.7 °C (42.3 °F). Slavs were sold to Byzantium and other places in Anatolia and the Middle-East during this period. Historically, possession of the southern coast of Crimea was sought after by most empires of the greater region since antiquity (Roman, Byzantine, Ottoman, Russian, British and French, Nazi German, Soviet). It is Autonomous Republic of Crimea. There are a total of 291 large industrial enterprises and 1002 small business enterprises. Artek is a former Young Pioneer camp on the Black Sea in the town of Hurzuf, near Ayu-Dag, established in 1925. Autonomous Republic of Crimea synonyms, Autonomous Republic of Crimea pronunciation, Autonomous Republic of Crimea translation, English dictionary definition of Autonomous Republic of Crimea. On the south side is the large Donuzlav Bay and the port and ancient Greek settlement of Eupatoria/Yevpatoria/Kerkinitis/Gozleve. This steppe region is under intensive agricultural cultivation, with winter wheat, corn (maize), potatoes, and sunflowers among the main crops. Crimea was governed as an Autonomous Soviet Socialist Republic from the end of the Russian Civil War until 1945, when it lost its autonomous status, and was made an Oblast, essentially a region of Soviet Russia. [84] Because a high-pressure system is located north of Crimea in both summer and winter, winds predominantly come from the north and northeast year-round. 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