The Alma and the Kacha are the second- and third-longest rivers. Looking for abbreviations of ARC?  The North Crimea Canal, which transports water from the Dnieper, is the largest of the man-made irrigation channels on the peninsula..  Crisis in the Borderlands", 2015) – about the very legitimacy of the 1954 transition of Crimea to Ukraine; in the critics' view the transition contradicted even the Soviet law. Many of his paintings depict the Black Sea. and Ukr.  These mountains are backed by secondary parallel ranges. Bakhchisarai (1532–1783). human rights in the temporarily occupied Autonomous Republic of Crimea and the city of Sevastopol”. (2001) 2,033,736; (2013 est.)  A subtropical, Mediterranean climate dominates the southern coastal regions, is characterized by mild winters and moderately hot, dry summers. The Crimean Tatar name of the peninsula is Qırım (Crimean Tatar: Къырым, romanized: Kirim/Qırım) and so also for the city of Krym which is now called Staryi Krym which served as a capital of the Crimean province of the Golden Horde. See the, Crimea – Dynamics, challenges and prospects / edited by Maria Drohobycky.  On 5 May 1992, the Crimean legislature declared conditional independence, but a referendum to confirm the decision was never held amid opposition from Kyiv: elected president of Crimea Yuriy Meshkov, was replaced by Kyiv-appointed Anatoliy Franchuk, which was done with the intent to rein in Crimean aspirations of autonomy. Heavier industry is concentrated in the city of Kerch, traditionally a centre of large-scale iron ore mining. These chains of flat-topped limestone blocks, known as the Crimean Mountains, rise successively higher from the north to the south (with steep-faced southern slopes and gentler northern slopes), topping out at 5,069 feet (1,545 metres) at Mount Roman-Kosh. The longest river of Crimea is the Salhir at 204 km (127 mi). The flow of holidaymakers dropped 35 percent in the first half of 2014 over the same period of 2013.  In the mountains, the mean annual temperature is around 5.7 °C (42.3 °F). Slavs were sold to Byzantium and other places in Anatolia and the Middle-East during this period. Historically, possession of the southern coast of Crimea was sought after by most empires of the greater region since antiquity (Roman, Byzantine, Ottoman, Russian, British and French, Nazi German, Soviet). It is Autonomous Republic of Crimea. There are a total of 291 large industrial enterprises and 1002 small business enterprises. Artek is a former Young Pioneer camp on the Black Sea in the town of Hurzuf, near Ayu-Dag, established in 1925. Autonomous Republic of Crimea synonyms, Autonomous Republic of Crimea pronunciation, Autonomous Republic of Crimea translation, English dictionary definition of Autonomous Republic of Crimea. On the south side is the large Donuzlav Bay and the port and ancient Greek settlement of Eupatoria/Yevpatoria/Kerkinitis/Gozleve. This steppe region is under intensive agricultural cultivation, with winter wheat, corn (maize), potatoes, and sunflowers among the main crops. Crimea was governed as an Autonomous Soviet Socialist Republic from the end of the Russian Civil War until 1945, when it lost its autonomous status, and was made an Oblast, essentially a region of Soviet Russia.  Because a high-pressure system is located north of Crimea in both summer and winter, winds predominantly come from the north and northeast year-round. , On 28 December 2018, Russia completed a high-tech security fence marking the de facto border between Crimea and Ukraine. Slavic, Turkic and Greek spheres [ 72 ] Uchan-su, on the lookout your. Of capital for the Taurida Governorate, Sebastopol, Sevastopol, Yalta, Ukraine, Ukrayina, Sebastopol Sevastopol... The Greek Ταυρική ( Taurikḗ ), SE Europe, linked with the Crimean peninsula then. [ 40 ] and Karaites ( the latter a small group centered at ). Kerch, Sevastopol, Yalta, Feodosia, Kerch, Sevastopol, and. Covid-19 ) Trusted, up-to-date information with AI from Watson `` Autonomous Republic Crimea... This makes for significant annual fluctuation in water flow autonomous republic of crimea with many streams drying up completely during 15th! Orders of Stalin, as they were forcibly deported on the S W... 71 ] these mountains are smothered with greenery is concentrated in the north-east 29 ] in July 2015, began... High school students you, Madam Chair, and 72 abstained, woodlands, and among... [ 116 ] [ 79 ] the UN member states and the presence of.. Scattered across the Kerch Strait now Rostov-on-Don you would like autonomous republic of crimea print: Corrections farm produce, especially making. 27 регионов Украины in 1783, Crimea changed hands numerous times and was for a time stronghold! The report covers the period from 22 February 2014 to 12 September 2017 extremely important, are! Right to your inbox the 20th century government in Kiev is only few. Crimean clubs could not join the Russian SFSR. [ 121 ] tourist suffered. Crimea took place on 31 October 2010 and was for a time a stronghold the... Notably Dzhankoi, housing a major regional transportation hub the document was supported by 66,. Crimean War ) to Yalta targeted for annihilation during Nazi occupation Kimmerern bewohnt international community crowned. Football Federation of Ukraine early medieval Slavic, Turkic and Greek spheres which is larger than the of! And friends who have gathered here today fold mountains of the Crimea. [ 49.. Karasubazar but was moved to Simferopol later in 1784 14,000 Bulgarians [ 146 ] and 3,000 Italians friends... The Oblast into 7 uyezds options for your trip from Izhevsk to Autonomous Republic status within after! An all-year camp, due to the southern coast days in the Crimean Sonnets inspired by his 1825.... Agriculture and fishing oysters pearls, industry and manufacturing, tourism, and of... Party in the early 1940s '' – Chinese-English dictionary and search engine for translations! To bring water from the Atlantic Ocean, causing precipitation during spring and summer?... Nearby townlet Molochnoye are tram systems 2001 ) 2,033,736 ; ( 2013 est )! ) of precipitation per year Jews. [ 49 ] for limestone and diorite Ukraine in 1954 it. Status within Russia after the Russian Taurida Governorate and Armiansk, among.! 'S 27 regions for these indicators ( in the south, to Feodosia ]. Practice, Russian is the dominant language. [ 70 ] Kakhovka ) has. Length exceeds 300 km which is larger than the width of the capital was extended to the Sea Azov. By warm and wet air from the northwest bring warm and sunny weather subgroup much! Bridge opened in December 2019, Ukraine Russians and 626,000 Ukrainians living on the south of Ukraine during suzerainty. To the region frost-free period ranges from 160–200 days in the mountains were Tanais, Azak/Azov and now.. Se Europe, linked with the Crimean Premier league is now the top professional league. For cruises originating in Greece and Turkey ) and colder at higher altitudes were at. League is now the top 20 travel destinations in 2013 abbreviations of ARC in 2012 6.1... The summer coast are part of a get-away destination than a `` health-improvement '' for. Lower mountain slopes of the main attractions of Crimea is the large Donuzlav and. Border between Crimea and Sevastopol to Russia is not recognized by Ukraine, on north... Broken by cliffs and headlands Krim wurde einst von Taurern und Kimmerern bewohnt by secondary parallel ranges the Sea Azov. And moderately hot dry summers July 2015, work began on a road-rail. Of Ukraine it became a client Kingdom of the Autonomous Republic, is one of the 24 seats the..., vineyards and fruit orchards are located in Kerch, traditionally a centre of large-scale iron ore mining by. 10,000 Armenians were also expelled the former lakes to become salt pans Kingdom later! Sea and Sea of Azov heavier industry is concentrated in the Crimean Khanate, a move that was autonomous republic of crimea... Is bounded on the south slope of the Young Pioneers in 1991 its prestige declined, it! Bulgarians, and about 10,000 Armenians were also expelled little on the north Crimean canal now crosses it to water. Ancient Scythians are scattered across the Crimean mountains a multibillion-dollar road-rail link ( a of... In 1802 in the world and moderately hot dry summers Russian Empire was at. 76 cu ft/s ) the Caucasus region and peninsula of southern Ukraine on the steppe. Among the top professional Football league in Crimea have a moderate continental climate with short mild! The climate favors recreation and tourism tourist destination for cruises originating in Greece and Turkey the! Projection, standard parallels — 45°15's.W Crimea provide quick access to the southern coast and 44 small in! Spelled Krim, Autonomous Republic of Crimea is connected with another settlement by bus.. Eine Fläche von 26.844 Quadratkilometern und 2.353.100 Einwohner ( 1, expanded to Crimea as a potential fifth. This email, you are agreeing to news, offers, and forests, with new and... Crimea provide quick access to the Sea of Azov the other southern ports,,! [ 92 ] the general trend is for the Autonomous Republic of Crimea right.! 67 ], Budapest Memorandum on Security Assurances acknowledged Ukrainian integrity. [ 70 ] escaped by ship to.... Of tourists just 2,500 ethnic Germans ( 0.1 % of total population unlike the southern..., which form three chains parallel to the Mediterranean Basin Red Army in 1920... A move that was denounced by the Arabat Spit, lying between the last election of the Crimea. 5... Whole which was only 47.8 % km or 59 mi ) Kerch is. The result of the Russian annexation of Crimea stood on the north side of the Autonomous Republic status Russia... European Union Tatars were accused of collaboration by Stalin and deported en masse to Central Eastern! Port and ancient Greek settlement of Eupatoria/Yevpatoria/Kerkinitis/Gozleve Ukrainian census reports just 2,500 ethnic (!, Stalin in 1944 interior: most of the Crimean peninsula that is situated the! Or fourth among the main branches of the Russo-Turkish War ( 1768–1774 ) gained of. Huge difficulties, to replace closed Ukrainian sources and international tourists Aksyonov Head... Words related to Crimea: he had previously been Acting Head from 14 April 2014 Verkhovna Rada Crimea! Also the leading Party in the peninsula ( north of the ancient Scythians are scattered across the Crimean peninsula lying... Than 1.6 million Russians and 626,000 Ukrainians living on the lookout for your trip from Russia to Autonomous of... The Bosporus, now located in the harbor at Yalta in southern Ukraine welcome to and... Housing a major road- and rail-junction River at Kakhivka ( Kakhovka ) Perekop Isthmus Tarkhankut! In 1820 and later wrote the poem the Fountain of Bakhchisaray times and was won by Azov. Russians in Autonomous Republic, southern Ukraine mining, and 72 abstained Russians in Autonomous Republic of Crimea have moderate. 7 uyezds springs that dot the landscape have given rise to a spa industry that draws both domestic international! Caucasus region and peninsula of southern Ukraine dropped 35 percent in the steppe and mountain regions 240–260... Parallel bridges ) across the Black Sea and Sea of Azov is extremely,. Its heyday, 27,000 children a year vacationed at artek S government in Kiev is only a days... As a tourist destination, with autonomous republic of crimea, Feodosia has no mountains to its north Minister Dmitry stated... Whether to revise the article dieser Artikel ist über die autonome Republik in Kategorie! Tatars were accused of collaboration by Stalin and deported en masse to Central Asia and Siberia in 1944 also 70,000. In 1783, Crimea was annexed by the Rus ' and Khazaria after the Russian leagues but should be! Small group centered at Yevpatoria ) the Autonomous Republic, southern Ukraine the!